TransformationChanging complex human behavior is difficult. Unfortunately there is no magic fairy, or gene in a bottle, who can instantaneously grant the changes we desire. Change occurs as a process, not as a one off event. We can appreciate the process of change by thinking about natural processes that involve stages like a caterpillar transforming into a butterfly or winter shifting into spring.
Prochaska ModelA model for conceptualizing the stages of behavior change has been described by a guy called Prochaska and his colleagues (Prochaska and DiClemente, 1988,1992). His model posits that behavior change usually occurs gradually as the person moves through five developmental stages of motivational readiness or intention to change. Progress is not always direct or linear as the person may revert to an earlier stage before entering the next stage.
The stages are as follows:• Pre-contemplation - Not yet acknowledging that there is a problem behavior that needs to be changed
• Contemplation – Acknowledging there is a problem but not yet ready or sure of wanting to make a change
• Preparation/Determination – getting ready to change
• Action/Willpower – change behavior
• Maintenance – Maintaining the behavior change and
• Relapse – returning to older behaviours and abandoning the new.
This provides a powerful framework for developing a successful plan for change as we can develop techniques and strategies to address the characteristics of each phase. For example, making the assumption we are all at the Preparation stage, then we know we are planning to act within the next month. One of the most important techniques at this stage is to break down our larger goal into small steps, or smaller goals. In this way we create an Action Plan for change. Treating change as a process is a central component of successful change.
Where are you currently sitting on the cycle of change?
Another tool that can assist us in developing our Action Plan is one used extensively in business to identify the tasks needed to complete internal change or deliver specific projects. - It’s called Gap Analysis.
See more at: http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/gap-analysis.htm#sthash.ZjERXHne.dpuf.
Gap AnalysisGap Analysis is the process of defining the difference between two states -“the way things are” and “the way we want things to be” and then identifying the steps needed to bridge the gap between the two . To carry out a Gap Analysis, first analyze your current situation, making sure that you gather as much information as possible and then identify the specific outcomes of your current goal – this is your "future state." Next, identify the specific action steps needed to bridge the gap between your current situation and the desired future state. I have included an example using my own goal to help get you started:
Example of Gap Analysis using one component of my Goal from last weeks Blog Post:
Your Turn - Have a GoI had all sorts of issues inserting this table as blogger does not have a table setting. Still I think it demonstrates the process to follow. Have a go and see if you can articulate the initial smaller steps needed to reach your longer term goal using the Gap Analysis Approach.
If you know of any other useful tools/strategies I'd love to hear from you. Please post them here so others can learn and grow and achieve their best results.